|Pico Ag and Agriculture, part 3 |
Agriculture part 1 -- Agriculture part 2 -- Agriculture part 3
In addition to the qualities described in the Agriculture section of this website, Pico Ag possesses a unique ability to substantially increase the level of sugar production within the leaves of a plant by a factor of 50% to 100%. This, in turn, acts to accelerate the function of photosynthesis with the result that the treated plant becomes healthier, more disease resistant and faster growing. We have been advised that this has resulted in a larger crop size and output. To fully understand how this occurs and how it could be verified, we consulted with a botanical scientist now residing in Australia.
A Technical Description of Plant Growth
The germinating seed produces an embryionic root (radicle) that grows into the soil, in response to the earth's gravitational field. As new cells are added, the root elongates producing hair roots and lateral roots. The roots remain interconnected, producing a network of living cells throughout the soil. Within the root, the inner cells become specialized to conduct solutes (water + substances dissolved in it) from the root to the shoot (via xylem) and from the shoot to the root (via phloem).
Flow from the shoot to the root is achieved by loading sugars produced in the leaves into the phloem. The sugar-laden solute moves downward, to the sites of lower concentration in the root. The xylem, carrying solute from the roots to the shoot, acts like a bundle of capillary tubes, supporting the water in a vertical reservoir. The leaves of the plant actively lose water through pores at the surface (transpiration), drawing the water in the xylem upwards. By this method, essential nutrients extracted from the soil are transported to sites of growth and production in the shoot.
The surface of the leaf is specialized for trapping energy from light (photosynthesis) and storing it as sugars and starch. Therefore the upper leaf surface must be angled to face the sun, which causes its surface temperature to rise 10 degrees C above the ambient air temperature. To control water loss, most leaves have a thick water resilient waxy layer. The specialized openings that control the rate of water loss (stomates) tend to be more numerous on the underside of the leaf. Accordingly, leaves are not adapted for taking up nutrients. It's the mass flow of solutes from the soil to the roots that provide the greatest amount of nutrients for plants. (the above is a portion of a tract, written by Pam Pittaway, Landscape Consultant, Queensland, Australia).
Step One - Applying Pico Ag to the Root Structure
When applied to bare root stock before planting, or saturating the root structure when in place, Pico Ag acts to stimulate new growth and development. It dissolves NPK from the roots, thereby enhancing nutrient uptake into the plant. Nutrient uptake is expedited from the inclusion of sodium within the Pico Ag formulation.
Sodium is a cation, which is an atom or group of atoms carrying a positive electric charge. The positive charge results because there are more protons than electrons in the cation. The negative charged anions are attracted to the positive sodium cation, attach themselves and hitch a ride into the plant. In other words, NA+ is a Sodium Transporter conveying nourishment directly to the plant. The reason for this nutrient effect is the miniscule size of the molecules, which allows them to enter the plant cells (in the leaves), where the sugar factory is located. This causes a maximized increase in photosynthesis, which is the basis for the starches, cellulose, waxes, carbohydrates, oils and protein that are the building blocks for all plant growth.
Step Two - Applying Pico Ag as a Foliar Feed
Perhaps an equally powerful stimulant to plant growth occurs when nutrition is provided directly to the leaves, through the stomates. In early morning hours, or later in the afternoon, when the ambient air temperature falls below that of the ground temperature, the stomates will open and make themselves susceptible and amenable to the uptake of fluids and nourishment.
Due to the picotechnology (obsoletes Nanotechnology & Graphene)-sized (1 to 4 nm) particles that comprise Biobased AG, they are able to easily enter the stomates of the leaves, where their beneficial effect can be more directly accepted by the plant. Therefore, it is highly suggested that in order to maximize the nutritional boost possible from the spraying of Biobased AG, the leaves be drenched both from above and below, at the times specified.
The Proof is in the Testing
Because plants sprayed with Pico Ag appear to grow more swiftly, be healthier and bear larger crops, the only explanation that immediately came to mind was that this could only be attributed to an increase in the level of photosynthesis within the leaves. Accordingly, in June and August 2005, a series of tests were conducted to determine the validity of this hypothesis. The question to be determined was whether this resulted from an increase in the sugar level as a result of being sprayed by Biobased AG, or from some other cause.
The first tests were conducted in Zambia/South Africa. Several segregated plots of wheat were sprayed with Biobased AG, with an adjacent plot being used as a control. Leaves were then crushed and the resulting fluid subjected to a test reading by a Brix meter to determine if there were any difference in the level of sugar content between the test plots. The reading showed an original count of five, increasing to nine over a four to five day period, for a gain of 80%, which the planters and their crop managers considered "extraordinary."
Two months later, another series of tests were undertaken, this time in Australia. The crop was macadamia nuts. This test was more comprehensive and spread out over a longer period of time. The crops were in different, but adjacent fields. Spraying took place over a four week period. One control called for spraying to cease after the first application, to determine what happened to the sugar content under these conditions. Additionally, a control was done on a direct comparison between Pico Ag and two standard fertilizing treatments involving urea and humic acid, which were substantially exceeded.
These tests, which were more comprehensive, revealed the sugar content of the leaves increased by a factor of slightly more than 50%, within seven days of spraying, compared with neighboring plants that were not sprayed. What was even more interesting was that so long as the plants were sprayed at 7 or 10 day cycles, the sugar content remained at an increased constant 50%+ level. Once spraying was discontinued, the sugar level returned to normal after about four to five weeks, indicating a direct correlation between the use and non-use of the spray.
In addition to being stronger and more disease resistant, the crop can be expected to be larger and very often the size of the individual fruit, nut, flower, etc. will be significantly greater. The healthier plants also appear to be less prone to fungal or bacterial disease and to be much more pest resistant. This appears to confirm field reports we have received over the past year from a number of growers who have reported significantly larger crops and fruit size when compared with prior years.
A test report from China, received in October 2005, contained the only report on crop size that has actually been comparatively measured. Until then, all prior tests had been solely concerned with Biobased AG's efficacy against pests and disease. This report, on cucumbers, after listing Biobased AG's effectiveness against various insects, concluded with the notation that productivity was 9.4% greater than a comparative test plot. This appears to confirm the theoretical conclusions obtained from the higher brix readings.
This has added a whole new dimension to Biobased AG's place in agriculture. Not only can it eliminate almost all insect infestations, and neutralize any fungicidal or bacterial infection, but it also creates a healthier environment for plant growth with the result that the crops grow larger with a corresponding increase in the size of individual fruits or vegetables. Probably the most impressive aspect of all this to farmers is that Pico Ag is also substantially cheaper to use than conventional pesticides, which have only a portion of its capabilities.
Agriculture part 1 -- Agriculture part 2 -- Agriculture part 3
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